Product-led Growth vs. Sales-led Growth vs. Marketing-led Growth

In this article, we'll look at 3 different growth strategies and the factors affecting revenue growth.



What is a Growth Strategy?

Product-led Growth

Sales-led Growth

Marketing-led Growth

Comparison: Product-led Growth vs. Sales-led Growth vs. Marketing-led Growth

Case Studies

Summary of Thoughts




In the world of modern business, growth strategies are a necessity. Companies are constantly looking for innovative ways to expand their business, maximize revenue and stay relevant in a competitive market. However, the path to achieving such growth is not one-size-fits-all. 

Three imaginative strategies emerge as the main drivers of business expansion: product-led growth, sales-led growth and marketing-led growth. Each has its unique strengths, applications and challenges. In this article, we'll expose the pitfalls of each approach, explain their distinctive features, and provide insights to help you and your business discern which strategy best fits your goals.

What Is a Growth Strategy?

At its core, a growth strategy is a well-thought-out plan to increase a company's performance metrics - whether it's user base, market share or revenue. While startups are usually driven to acquire new acquisitions and scale quickly, mature companies are often more concerned with increasing profitability or market expansion. Regardless of the specific goals, however, growth strategies primarily reflect the position a company has earned in the market, how effectively it allocates its resources, and how it intends to achieve its goals.

The Quadrants of Business Growth

A well-thought-out growth strategy not only provides companies with a plan for expansion, but also prepares them to meet unexpected challenges.

Product-led Growth

Product-led growth (PLG) is a product launch strategy in which the product itself is the main driver of customer acquisition, expansion and retention. Instead of relying on traditional marketing or sales activities, companies using PLG focus on their product as the catalyst for growth.

The Essence of PLG: Companies using a PLG strategy emphasize that if they create an intuitive, valuable and user-centric product, customers will not only come, but they will stay and, more importantly, they will spread positive testimonials about it.

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Key Characteristics

PLG is not just a strategy, it is a mindset or approach that imprints itself on various aspects of the business:

  1.  Virality: PLG products often have integrated elements that encourage sharing. Think of how tools like Dropbox, for example, have incentivized their users to invite other users to join the service to gain more storage space.

  2.  Consumer-centric Design: the consumer is the hero. For PLG, the priority is user satisfaction, ease of use, intuitive interface and immediate benefit.

  3.  Freely Distributable Models: Many companies preferring PLG offer free versions of their products, betting that users will switch to paid versions once they see the true value of their product.

  4.  Feedback: Continuous improvement is the key to success. Companies prioritizing PLG actively seek and implement feedback from their consumers so that they can refine and improve their offerings.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Each strategy has its advantages and disadvantages. We will now discuss the advantages and disadvantages associated with PLGs:


  • Lower Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC): With the product as the primary marketing tool, the costs associated with traditional marketing and sales activities can be significantly reduced.

  • Organic Growth: As satisfied users become brand "ambassadors", word of mouth and referrals can lead to exponential growth.

  • Stronger Relationships with Users: Direct interaction between user and product can foster loyalty and contribute to a deeper understanding of user needs.


  • Longer Time to Monetization: free models can delay revenue generation as users stay with free versions longer than expected.

  • Difficulty Scaling: As the user base grows, ensuring consistent product performance and user experience can be challenging.

  • Imitation Risk: A successful product can quickly attract competitors, potentially saturating the market.

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Sales-led Growth

Sales-driven growth focuses on leveraging dedicated sales teams and processes to drive business growth. Under this strategy, companies prioritize one-on-one contact, presentations and tailored offers to convince potential customers of the value of the offer and close deals.

The Essence of Sales-led Growth: at the heart of this approach is the belief that personalized outreach, relationship building and understanding specific client needs can lead to higher conversion rates and longer customer lifetime value.

6 Stages of a Sales Funnel

Key Characteristics

The sales-led approach brings a unique set of characteristics:

  1.  Personal Approach: each communication is tailored to the individual. Sales teams tailor their demeanor and approach based on individual client needs and preferences.

  2.  High-value Offers: This approach is commonly found in industries with products or services that tend to be more expensive in nature and where the buying decision requires customers to make a longer decision.

  3.  Relationship Building: Sales-led growth often focuses on building long-term relationships that secure repeat business and potential upsells.

  4. Detailed Presentations: Potential customers are often given demonstrations, trials or pilot programs to fully understand the product or service.

Advantages and Disadvantages

While sales-based growth is effective, it has its pitfalls.


  • Higher Conversion Rate: personalized offers can lead to better understanding but also solve customer problems, leading to more conversions.

  • Higher Deal Volume: With a personal touch, businesses can negotiate larger contracts or deals more often.

  • Deeper Customer Relationships: Building relationships based on trust can lead to longer customer retention and more opportunities for upselling or cross-selling.


  • Higher Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC): The cost of maintaining a dedicated sales team combined with the costs associated with presentations and demonstrations can be quite high.

  • Longer Sales Cycles: Personalized selling often requires multiple interactions, which lengthens the sales process.

  • Dependence on the Sales Team: The growth of a business depends largely on the skills, strategies and effectiveness of the sales team, which can lead to failure.

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Marketing-led Growth

Marketing-driven growth is based on the principle that a strong brand, effective promotion and targeted marketing efforts can serve as the main driving force for a company's expansion. Under this approach, companies invest heavily in marketing campaigns, content strategies and brand storytelling to create demand and draw potential customers into their sales funnel.

The Essence of Marketing-led Growth: it's all about brand perception and visibility. A company's brand and its message become its most valuable asset, designed to resonate deeply with potential customers and differentiate it from competitors.


6 Stages of a Sales Funnel (1)

Key Characteristics

The marketing approach consists of:

  1.  Brand Building: companies place emphasis on creating a strong brand identity and reputation in the marketplace.

  2.  Content Strategy: using blogs, videos, webinars and other forms of content to educate, entertain and engage potential customers.

  3.  Targeted Campaigns: Using data-driven insights to execute campaigns that reach the right audience at the right time with the right message.

  4.  Multi-channel Presence: Ensuring brand visibility across multiple channels, be it social, search, email or traditional media.

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Broad Reach: Marketing efforts, especially digital, can reach a huge audience quickly and effectively.

  • Building brand equity: Effective marketing can lead to a strong brand reputation, which can be a significant asset in the long run.

  • Flexibility and adaptability: Marketing strategies can be adjusted in real time based on feedback and analysis, allowing for rapid change.


  • Potentially High Cost: Complex marketing campaigns, especially on competitive channels, can be very expensive.

  • No Guaranteed ROI: Not all marketing activities guarantee a return, making them a riskier investment.

  • Over-reliance on Single Channels: The danger lies in over-reliance on one marketing channel, which can be volatile (e.g. changes in social media algorithms).

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Comparison: Product-led growth vs. Sales-led Growth vs. Marketing-led Growth

While each growth strategy has its own unique strengths and challenges, understanding their interrelationship and relative strengths can be crucial to your growth journey.

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Main Similarities

  • Customer orientation: all three strategies put the customer first, albeit in different ways.

  • Growth Focus: Each of these approaches is fundamentally focused on the growth and expansion of the company.

  • Adaptability: As market dynamics change, each strategy can evolve and adapt.

Main Differences

1. Primary Driver:

  • Product-oriented: Product features and usability.

  • Sales-oriented: Direct interactions and relationships with retailers

  • Marketing-oriented: Brand and promotional efforts

2. Cost Impacts:

  • Product-oriented: Initial high development costs, but potentially lower CAC over time.

  • Sales-oriented: CACs are high due to sales team costs, but have the potential for higher deal volume.

  • Marketing-oriented: Recurring costs of marketing campaigns with variable ROI.

3. Time Horizon:

  • Product-oriented: Long-term growth as product adoption expands.

  • Sales-oriented: Immediate to medium-term, based on sales cycles.

  • Marketing-oriented: Short to medium-term growth based on campaign duration.

Optimal Use Cases

  1.  Product-driven: Best suited for SaaS companies, for apps, or for any platform where its users can get value directly from using the product. A typical example is the aforementioned Dropbox. The optimal situation is when the usefulness of the product is its strongest selling point.

  2.  Sales-driven: Suitable for industries with complex, high-value offerings such as enterprise software, industrial machinery or real estate. Particularly effective where the buying decision requires strong trust and personal interaction.

  3.  Marketing-driven: Ideal for companies in crowded markets where differentiation from competitors through branding is critical. A good example is Coca-Cola. Also suitable for companies launching new products or entering new markets.

Choosing the Right Strategy

The choice of growth strategy should be in line with your company's objective:

  • The nature of the product/service: is it complex or simple? Is its value immediately identifiable?

  • Target audience: Is it other companies (B2B) or individual consumers (B2C)? What is their buying behaviour?

  • Market dynamics: Is it a saturated market? Is brand differentiation essential?

  • Budget constraints: what are the available resources for growth?

By evaluating these factors and understanding the nuances of each growth strategy, you will be able to chart a path that fits your vision, resources and market position.

Case Studies

Product-led growth: Slack

Background: Slack, a team collaboration tool, has changed the way companies communicate internally.

Strategy: Slack offered a free model that allowed teams to use the product for free with some restrictions. When teams tried its intuitive interface, seamless integration, and better collaboration, they often switched to the paid version.

Result: The quality and usefulness of the product led to adoption. Teams became fans of Slack within their organizations, which led to extensive organic growth and reduced the need for aggressive sales campaigns.

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Sales-led Growth: Oracle

Background: Oracle, a multinational computer technology corporation, offers software, cloud solutions, and hardware products.

Strategy:  Due to the complexity and high cost of its products, Oracle employs large sales teams. These teams engage directly with decision makers in target organisations, understand their needs and tailor solutions accordingly.

Result: This approach has enabled Oracle to win large business contracts and maintain its dominance in the enterprise software market.

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Growth based on marketing: Nike

Background: Nike, the global sportswear giant, is as much about its products as it is about brand image and storytelling.

Strategy: Over the years, Nike has launched iconic marketing campaigns such as "Just Do It". It has supported top athletes, told inspiring stories and associated its brand with endurance, success and sportsmanship.

Result: Nike's marketing efforts created an emotional connection with consumers. The brand is seen not only as a supplier of sportswear, but also as a lifestyle and source of inspiration.

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Summary of Thoughts

In the multifaceted world of business growth, there is no one-size-fits-all strategy. A company's path to expansion is varied and depends on a myriad of factors, including the nature of the product, market dynamics, audience preferences, and more.

Considerations for Growth Strategies:

Product-led growth: at its core, PLG promotes the idea that the strongest driver of growth is a superior product that users love and find value in. For companies with intuitive, high-value offerings, a product-centric approach can yield promising results.

Sales-led growth: The power of the human touch cannot be underestimated. For companies with complex products or those in high-demand industries, the trust, personalization and adaptability offered by a sales team can be indispensable.

Marketing-led growth: In an age characterised by information overload, standing out and engaging consumers is paramount. Strategic, targeted and emotionally compelling marketing can carve out a unique space for a brand and foster brand recognition and loyalty.

Way Forward:

Choosing a growth strategy is not about strict adherence to one path, but about understanding the strengths and limitations of each approach and often using a combination that fits the evolving needs and goals of the company.

For companies, self-awareness is essential. It's about being aware of where you are, imagining where you want to go, and charting a thoughtful and adaptable course in between. Whether you lean towards product, sales, marketing or some combination of the two approaches, success lies in authentic engagement, relentless innovation and an unwavering commitment to delivering value to customers.


Now that you've familiarized yourself with the various growth strategies, it's your turn to determine the future of your business. Remember, however, that knowledge is most effective when put into practice.

Here's how you can move forward:

  • Self-Assessment: reflect on your company's current strengths, challenges and growth goals. Which strategy best fits your current position and future aspirations?

  • Collaborate with experts: consider scheduling a consultation with growth strategy experts or attending webinars and workshops that go into more detail on these methodologies.

  • Stay up-to-date: The business environment is constantly evolving. Start following our LinkedIn profile to keep up to date with the latest trends, case studies and useful insights in business growth.

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Whether you're a startup looking to get your footing, a small or medium-sized business looking to expand, or an established company looking for new growth opportunities, the path you choose is crucial. Let us be a part of your journey and offer you guidance, expertise and a community focused on running an effective business.


1. What is the main difference between product-based growth and sales-based growth?

Product-based growth focuses on product value and user experience. Sales-based growth emphasizes direct sales efforts and client relationships.

2. Can I combine multiple growth strategies?

Yes! Many firms use a hybrid approach, combining elements of different growth strategies as needed.

3. How do I choose the right growth strategy?

Assess your product type, target audience, industry and resources. The strategy should be aligned with these factors.

4. Is growth based marketing just about ads and promotions?

No, it includes content marketing, brand building, PR, events, SEO and more.

5. Can I change growth strategies over time?

Yes, companies can adapt based on evolving market conditions and goals. Research and planning are key.

6. Are certain industries better suited to a particular growth strategy?

Some industries may lean towards a particular strategy, but individual company assessment is essential.

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